Explorations in Black Leadership

Co-Directed by Phyllis Leffler & Julian Bond

Gray, Garland (1902–1977)

Gray was a Virginia senator from Waverly who worked with the Massive Resistance movement to prevent integration of Virginia public schools. He helped found Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties, which formed 28 chapters with 12,000 members by 1955. Governor Stanley created the Gray commission, named for Garland Gray, to create a plan to keep Virginia segregated as long as possible.