Explorations in Black Leadership

Co-Directed by Phyllis Leffler & Julian Bond

Garvey, Marcus (1887–1940)

Garvey’s intense support of black nationalism and the Pan-Africanism movement sparked a philosophy known as Garveyism. This philosophy promotes the repatriation of American blacks to Africa and the redemption of African nations from colonial powers. Garvey founded UNIAACL (Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League), and the Black Star Line, a shipping line that would facilitate his goals.