Explorations in Black Leadership

Co-Directed by Phyllis Leffler & Julian Bond

Crummell, Alexander (1819–1898)

Crummell was a black priest who developed ideals of Pan Africanism, spending nearly 20 years in Africa doing missions work and attempting to persuade American blacks to colonize Africa. Upon his return to the United States, he and his congregation founded the first independent black Episcopal church in Washington, D.C., of which he was rector for nearly 20 years.