Carter, Robert (Bob) (1912–2012)
Carter worked closely with Thurgood Marshall and came to succeed him within the NAACP as general counsel. Throughout his career with the NAACP he argued 22 cases before the Supreme Court, 21 of which he won. His research and study of the law often encouraged him to push legal and constitutional positions to their limits, which resulted in the overturning of Plesy v. Ferguson in the Brown decision. In later years, he became a federal judge in New York and helped to open the police force to larger number of minorities.